Calculating the breakeven point is a key financial analysis tool used by business owners. Once you know the fixed and variable costs for the product your business produces or a good approximation of them, you can use that information to calculate your company’s breakeven point. Small business owners can use the calculation to determine how many product units they need to sell at a given price point to break even.

## How to Calculate the Breakeven Point

The breakeven point doesn’t typically factor in commission costs, although these fees could be included if desired. Take the fixed costs and divide by the difference between the selling price and cost per unit ($16.58), and that will tell you how many units have to be sold to break even. The total variable costs will therefore be equal to the variable cost per unit of $10.00 multiplied by the number of units sold.

## How to Calculate the Break-Even Point

In accounting terms, it refers to the production level at which total production revenue equals total production costs. In investing, the breakeven point is the point at which the original cost equals the market price. Meanwhile, the breakeven point in options trading occurs when the market price of an underlying asset reaches the level at which a buyer will not incur a loss. Then, by dividing $10k in fixed costs by the $80 contribution margin, you’ll end up with 125 units as the break-even point, meaning that if the company sells 125 units of its product, it’ll have made $0 in net profit.

- Simply enter your fixed and variable costs, the selling price per unit and the number of units expected to be sold.
- In our example, Barbara had to produce and sell 2,500 units to cover the factory expenditures and had to produce 3,500 units in order to meet her profit objectives.
- Get instant access to video lessons taught by experienced investment bankers.
- A breakeven point is used in multiple areas of business and finance.

## Break-Even Analysis Example

Over 1.8 million professionals use CFI to learn accounting, financial analysis, modeling and more. Start with a free account to explore 20+ always-free courses and hundreds of finance templates and cheat sheets. Also, remember that this analysis doesn’t take into consideration the present vs. future value of your funds. See the time value of https://www.kelleysbookkeeping.com/ money calculator for more information about this topic. My Accounting Course is a world-class educational resource developed by experts to simplify accounting, finance, & investment analysis topics, so students and professionals can learn and propel their careers. Let’s show a couple of examples of how to calculate the break-even point.

## Depreciation Calculators

Thus, if a project costs $1 million to undertake, it would need to generate $1 million in net profits before it breaks even. If the stock is trading at a market price of $170, for example, the trader has a profit of $6 (breakeven of $176 minus the current market price of $170). The Break-Even Point (BEP) is the asset liability management inflection point at which the revenue output of a company is equal to its total costs and starts to generate a profit. Financial terms and calculations includes revenue, costs, profits and loss, average rate of return, and break even. He is considering introducing a new soft drink, called Sam’s Silly Soda.

This computes the total number of units that must be sold in order for the company to generate enough revenues to cover all of its expenses. The main thing to understand in managerial accounting is the difference between revenues and profits. Since the expenses are greater than the revenues, these products great a loss—not a profit.

The variable costsclosevariable costsVariable costs are expenses a business has to pay which change directly with output, eg raw materials. The hard part of running a business is when customer sales or product demand remains the same while the price of variable costs increases, such as the price of raw materials. When that happens, the break-even point also goes up because of the additional expense. Aside https://www.kelleysbookkeeping.com/current-ratio-formula/ from production costs, other costs that may increase include rent for a warehouse, increases in salaries for employees, or higher utility rates. It’s also important to keep in mind that all of these models reflect non-cash expense like depreciation. A more advanced break-even analysis calculator would subtract out non-cash expenses from the fixed costs to compute the break-even point cash flow level.

As the owner of a small business, you can see that any decision you make about pricing your product, the costs you incur in your business, and sales volume are interrelated. Calculating the breakeven point is just one component of cost-volume-profit analysis, but it’s often an essential first step in establishing a sales price point that ensures a profit. Consider the following example in which an investor pays a $10 premium for a stock call option, and the strike price is $100. The breakeven point would equal the $10 premium plus the $100 strike price, or $110. On the other hand, if this were applied to a put option, the breakeven point would be calculated as the $100 strike price minus the $10 premium paid, amounting to $90. The information required to calculate a business’s BEP can be found in its financial statements.